M-Tool has been developed in the MultiTip project, at the Research centre for Environmental Economics, Heidelberg University. Within this project, stakeholders' mental models of Lake Victroria's Nile perch fishery are captured. You can read about mental models in this project in the following publications:




Other ongoing projects that are using M-Tool to capture mental models:

  1. Mental Models of the Protein-Shift
    Lieke van den Boom, Floor Kroese, Denise de Ridder, Ellen Moors & Karlijn van den Broek, Utrecht University

    This research project uses the M-Tool to study the mental models of consumers in the transition from animal-based proteins to plant-based proteins. The M-Tool will be used to examine how consumers understand the transition and what they think are important drivers. We aim to identify which mental models are facilitating the transition and the adoption of plant-based alternatives for meat and dairy products and which mental models are hindering this transition.

  2. Mental models of land security among Tanzanian farmers 
    Lisa Murken, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research
    In this project, farmers in Tanzania are first asked to comment on their level of land tenure security. Farmers who feel insecure about their land tenure are then asked to select and arrange drivers of their tenure insecurity in a mental model.
  3. Indigenous communities' perceptions of trade-offs between SDG's
    Denise Margaret S. Matias, Institute for Social-Ecological Research Frankfurt
    Mario Angst, Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research WSL
    Karlijn van den Broek, Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development, Utrecht University

    This team from the Robert Bosch Postdoc academy are planning to use M-Tool to map the perceptions of the trade-offs between Sustainable Development Goals among indigenous communinities and other stakeholders attending the COP26. The tool will help to measure these perceptions in an inclusive way, and to compare perceptions of these trade-offs across stakeholders.
  4. Mental models of climate change risk in West and East Africa
    Maryse Chappin & 
    Karlijn van den Broek, Copernicus Institute for Sustainable Development, Utrecht University
    Gisela Böhm & 
    Usman Isyaku Department of Psychosocial Science, Bergen University
    The MECCA project aims to identify adaptation and mitigation strategies by analyzing the gap between stakeholder’s mental models of change and risk and projected impacts of human activities under changing climatic conditions in East Africa (Lake Victoria) and West Africa (Lagos). M-Tool will be used in this project to capture stakeholders mental models of the drivers and consequences of climate change among fishing, farming and urban communities as well as relevant policy makers. 
  5. Mental models of eating behavior

    Denise de Ridder, Marleen Gillebaart, Caroline Schlinkert & Jeroen Benjamins, Utrecht University
    Maartje Poelman, Wagening University

    Several individual and contextual factors are of importance when making food choices. In this project, people are asked to use M-Tool to map the factors that play a role in the snack choices they make.

If you would like to add your M-Tool project to this website, please contact us.