Publications about M-Tool publications (all open access):
van den Broek, K.L., Klein, S.A., Luomba, J. & Fischer, H., (2021). Introducing M-Tool: A standardised and inclusive mental model mapping tool. System Dynamics Review, 37(4), 346-355. https://doi.org/10.1002/sdr.1698
This paper introduced M-Tool and guides researchers on how to use the tool in their research.
van den Broek K.L., Luomba J., van den Broek J. and Fischer H. (2021). Evaluating the Application of the Mental Model Mapping Tool (M-Tool). Frontiers in Psychology, 12:761882. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.761882
This paper showcases the first application of the tool with a sample of Tanzanian fishers, and demonstrates support for M-Tool's usability and validity.
van Boxtel, W. & van den Broek, K.L. (2021). M-Tool data analysis script. URL: https://public.yoda.uu.nl/geo/UU01/Y8GP93.html. http://doi.org/10.24416/UU01-Y8GP93
This publication contains an R-script that provides users with a starting point for their M-Tool data analysis. The script uses the edge list produced by M-Tool and transforms these into total number of nodes, total number of edges and various centrality measures.
Publications in which M-Tool has been applied:
van den Broek, K. L., Luomba, J., van den Broek, J., & Fischer, H. (2023). Content and complexity of stakeholders’ mental models of socio-ecological systems. Journal of Environmental Psychology, [ 101906]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvp.2022.101906
In this paper, we mapped Tanzanian fishers' mental models of the Nile perch fish stock fluctuation. We find complex and diverse mental models of the causes of changes in the fish stock. These mental models tended to focus on the causal influence of destructive fishing activities. Mental model complexity consistently differed across geographical regions in Tanzania.
Denise T. D. de Ridder, Lieke A. T. P. van den Boom, Floor M. Kroese, Ellen H. M. Moors & Karlijn L. van den Broek (2022). How do people understand the spread of COVID-19 infections? Mapping mental models of factors contributing to the pandemic, Psychology & Health, DOI: 10.1080/08870446.2022.2129054
How do citizens perceive the development of the COVID-19 pandemic? What are the perceived dynamics of the factors that influence transmissions of the virus and the number of cases? These are the questions that this team of researchers is investigated by mapping citizens' mental models of the pandemic.
Other ongoing projects that are using M-Tool to capture mental models:
This research project uses the M-Tool to study the mental models of consumers in the transition from animal-based proteins to plant-based proteins. The M-Tool will be used to examine how consumers understand the transition and what they think are important drivers. We aim to identify which mental models are facilitating the transition and the adoption of plant-based alternatives for meat and dairy products and which mental models are hindering this transition.
If you would like to add your M-Tool project to this website, please contact us.
M-Tool has been developed in the MultiTip project, at the Research centre for Environmental Economics, Heidelberg University.
Within this project, stakeholders' mental models of Lake Victroria's Nile perch fishery are captured. You can read about mental models in this project in the following publications:
Klein, S. A., van den Broek, K. L., Luomba, J., Onyango, H. O., Mbilingi, B., & Akumu, J. (2021). How knowledge acquisition shapes system understanding in small-scale fisheries. Current Research in Ecological and Social Psychology, 2, . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cresp.2021.100018
van den Broek K.L., Luomba J., Onyango H.O., Musobya M., & Klein S.A. (2020). A framework for co-developing conservation research projects with stakeholders: A Lake Victoria case study. Lakes & Reserv.;00:1–10.